A number of national, international and military standards have been developed for top-load testing, including:


  • ISO 3037 : corrugated fibreboard - determination of edgewise crush resistance (unwaxed edge method)
  • ISO 8113 : glass containers - resistance to vertical load - test method
  • ISO 12048 : packaging - complete filled transport packages - compression and stacking tests using a compression tester
  • ASTM D642 : determining the compressive resistance of shipping containers, components, and unit loads
  • ASTM D1185 : pallets and related structures employed in handling and shipping
  • ASTM D2659 : column crush properties of blown thermoplastics containers
  • ASTM D4169 : performance testing for shipping containers and systems
  • ASTM D4577 : compression resistance of a container under constant load
  • DIN 55440-1 : packaging test - compression test - test with a constant conveyance-speed
  • DIN 555261-1 : packaging test; compression test; dynamical test for plastic containers, with a capacity up to 10 liters
  • DIN 53757 : testing of plastics articles; determination of the behaviour by stacking by long-time-test, boxes for transport and storage
  • ISBT : voluntary standard test methods for PET bottles
  • TAPPI T403 : bursting strength of paper
  • TAPPI T804 : compression test of fiberboard shipping containers
  • TAPPI T807 : bursting strength of paperboard and linerboard
  • TAPPI T808 : flat crush test of corrugated board (flexible beam method)
  • TAPPI T809 : flat crush of corrugated medium (CMT test)
  • TAPPI T810 : bursting strength of corrugated and solid fiberboard
  • TAPPI T811 : edgewise compressive strength of corrugated fiberboard (short column test)
  • TAPPI T818 and T822 : ring crush of paperboard
  • TAPPI T824 : fluted edge crush of corrugating medium (flexible beam method)
  • TAPPI T825 : flat crush test of corrugated board (rigid support method)
  • TAPPI T826 : short span compressive strength of paperboard
  • TAPPI T838 : edge crush test using neckdown
  • TAPPI T839 : edgewise compressive strength of corrugated fiberboard using the clamp method (short column test)